10. Nixon and Vietnamization

South Vietnamese Marines

South Vietnamese Marines

Richard Nixon changed the direction of U.S. strategy upon assuming office in 1969. He vigorously pursued Vietnamization—expansion of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)—as U.S. ground troops withdrew. Although there were large numbers of regional forces to garrison villages, the main ARVN maneuver units were built in the U.S. image. Hanoi put the expanded ARVN to the test in a powerful offensive in spring 1972. The ARVN held against the onslaught, but massive American airpower was hurled against NVA units in the South, interdiction routes, and against their sources of strength North Vietnam.

  • Maurer, Harry. Strange Ground: Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975, an Oral History. 1st ed. New York: H. Holt, 1989. Lt Gen John Cushman, Pete Mahoney, Hugh Mankey “The Long Goodbye” (pp 520-541)
  • Schlight, John. A War Too Long: The USAF in Southeast Asia, 1961-1975. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1996. (pp 61-70)

Book Reviews

  • Berman, Larry. No Peace, No Honor: Nixon, Kissinger, and Betrayal in Vietnam. New York: Free Press, 2001.
  • Brigham, Robert K. ARVN: Life and Death in the South Vietnamese Army. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Additional Resources


One Response to “10. Nixon and Vietnamization”

  1. jordan Says:

    its too short!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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